|♦||Sexual Act and Sexual Conduct Offenses|
|♦||Certain Crimes Against Minors|
|♦||Certain Enumerated Federal Crimes|
SORNA divides sex offenders into three, different “Tiers” or categories depending upon the severity of the perpetrator’s offense. Tier I sex offenders must remain registered for fifteen years, and they must renew their registration every year. Tier II sex offenders must remain actively registered for twenty-five years, and must renew their registration every six months. Tier III sex offenders, those perpetrators who have committed the most serious crimes, must remain registered for their entire lives and must update their registration every three months.
It is important to remember that the registration requirements outlined in SORNA are a bare minimum. Tribes and states are free to impose stricter requirements for registration.
Failure to register as a sex offender under SORNA is a federal crime that carries a mandatory minimum sentence of ten years of incarceration. Indian sex offenders who fail to register in Indian Country may also be criminally punished and incarcerated under tribal statutes.