National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault

Human Trafficking publications

 

Publications:


Statutes - 1

Additional Resources - 21

 

Statutes

 

18 U.S.C. §§ 7101-12 - The Trafficking Victims Protection Act 18 U.S.C. §§ 7101-12 - The Trafficking Victims Protection Act

 

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (reauthorized in 2003, 2005, and 2008) defines a human trafficking victim as a person induced to perform labor or a commercial sex act through force, fraud, or coercion. Any person under age 18 who performs a commercial sex act is considered a victim of human trafficking, regardless of whether force, fraud, or coercion was present. Notably, there is no requirement of actual transportation of the victim. The TVPA enhances pre-existing criminal penalties in other related laws, affords new protections to trafficking victims and makes available certain benefits and services to victims of severe forms of trafficking once they become certified by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

 

 

Additional Resources

 

A Perfect Storm A Perfect Storm

 

Andrea L. Johnson, A Perfect Storm: the U.S. Antitrafficking Regime's Failure to Stop the Sex Trafficking of American Indian Women and Girls. This law review article discusses why American Indian/Alaskan Native women are more susceptible than the general population to becoming victims of human trafficking. It also looks at shortcomings in the current judicial and law enforcement models in preventing the trafficking of AIAN women.

 

 

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-2008 Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-2008

 

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-2008. This report, compiled and authored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, presents findings from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS). The HTRS was developed in 2007 to collect data on alleged human trafficking incidents from state and local law enforcement agencies. As of September 30, 2008, it had collected information on incident, suspect, and victim characteristics from 38 human trafficking task forces, funded by the Department of Justice. Incident data include the number of suspects and victims, number of agencies involved in the incident, confirmation of incident as human trafficking, and type of lead agency. Victim data include demographic characteristics such as age, race, gender, and citizenship status.

 

 

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010 Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010

 

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010. This report, compiled and authored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, describes the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010. This report provides information about investigations, persons involved in suspected and confirmed incidents of human trafficking, and case outcomes.

 

 

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, Volume One: The CSEC Population in New York City: Size, Characteristics, and Needs (September 2008) Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, Volume One: The CSEC Population in New York City: Size, Characteristics, and Needs (September 2008)

 

This study, sponsored by the National Institute of Justice, presents the methodology and findings of a study that examined the size, characteristics, needs, and geographic spread of commercially sexually exploited children (CSEC) in New York City.

 

 

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, Volume Two: Formative Evaluation: The New York City Demonstration (September 2008) Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City, Volume Two: Formative Evaluation: The New York City Demonstration (September 2008)

 

This report presents the methodology and findings of a formative, participatory evaluation of New York City's demonstration project of the Coalition to Address the Sexual Exploitation of Children (CASEC), which focused on child prostitution in the city.

 

 

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: What Do We Know and What Do We Do About It? (December 2007) Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: What Do We Know and What Do We Do About It? (December 2007)

 

This National Institute of Justice report examines the problem of commercial sexual exploitation of children and the response to the problem through intervention and prevention programs.

 

 

Federal Prosecution of Human Trafficking, 2001-2005 Federal Prosecution of Human Trafficking, 2001-2005

 

This report, compiled and authored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, presents Federal criminal case processing statistics on peonage and slavery statutes in the U.S. criminal code with a focus on human trafficking offenses created by Congress in the Trafficking in Victims Protection Act of 2000. The report includes national data on the number and type of human trafficking offenders referred to and prosecuted by U.S. attorneys. It describes human trafficking case processing, including number of convictions and types of sentences imposed. Data are presented on matters referred by investigating law enforcement agency and Federal judicial district.

 

 

Finding Victims of Human Trafficking (September 2008) Finding Victims of Human Trafficking (September 2008)

 

This study, which was funded and distributed by the National Institute of Justice, responds to a Congressional mandate and examines human trafficking experiences among a random sample of 60 counties across the United States.

 

 

Garden of Truth: The Prostitution and Trafficking of Native Women in Minnesota Garden of Truth: The Prostitution and Trafficking of Native Women in Minnesota

 

This report, compiled by the Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition and Prostitution Research & Education and written by Melissa Farley, Nicole Matthews, Sarah Deer, Guadalupe Lopez, Christine Stark, and Eileen Hudon, explores the results of interviews with 105 Native women, around half of which were victims of human trafficking. This report explores the prevalence of human trafficking amongst Native women and describes some of the long-term, adverse consequences of trafficking on Native women.

 

 

Handbook on Justice for Victims Handbook on Justice for Victims

 

This handbook, developed by the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, outlines the basic steps in developing comprehensive assistance services for victims of crime.

 

 

Information for Victims of Trafficking in Persons and Forced Labor (2002) Information for Victims of Trafficking in Persons and Forced Labor (2002)

 

This brochure from the Office for Victims of Crime provides basic information about the rights of victims of trafficking in the United States and describes assistance and protections that may be available to these victims.

 

 

More Than 1,200 Alleged Incidents of Human Trafficking Reported in the U.S. More Than 1,200 Alleged Incidents of Human Trafficking Reported in the U.S.

 

This press release discusses the major findings of the Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-2008 report. This report, compiled and authored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, presents findings from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS). The HTRS was developed in 2007 to collect data on alleged human trafficking incidents from state and local law enforcement agencies. As of September 30, 2008, it had collected information on incident, suspect, and victim characteristics from 38 human trafficking task forces, funded by the Department of Justice. Incident data include the number of suspects and victims, number of agencies involved in the incident, confirmation of incident as human trafficking, and type of lead agency. Victim data include demographic characteristics such as age, race, gender, and citizenship status.

 

 

Most Suspected Incidents of Human Trafficking Involving Allegations of Prostitution of an Adult or Child Press Release Most Suspected Incidents of Human Trafficking Involving Allegations of Prostitution of an Adult or Child Press Release

 

This press release discusses the Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010. This report, compiled and authored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, describes the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010. This report provides information about investigations, persons involved in suspected and confirmed incidents of human trafficking, and case outcomes.

 

 

National Intimate Partner and Sexual Victims Survey National Intimate Partner and Sexual Victims Survey

 

This two-page fact sheet, produced by the Centers for Disease Control, summarizes the major conclusions of the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS).

 

 

National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey Executive Summary National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey Executive Summary

 

This four-page executive summary, produced by the Centers for Disease Control, summarizes the major conclusions of the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS).

 

 

National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey Report National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey Report

 

The National Intimate Partner Sexual Violence Survey was conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. According to the report, on average, 24 people per minute are victims of rape, physical violence, talking, or violence by an intimate partner in the United States. Over the course of a year, that equals more than 12 million women. These findings emphasize that sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence are important and widespread public health problems in the United States. This report not only focuses on raw data but also focuses on the long-term health implications of sexual violence.

 

 

Prosecuting Human Trafficking Cases: Lessons Learned and Promising Practices (June 2008) Prosecuting Human Trafficking Cases: Lessons Learned and Promising Practices (June 2008)

 

This study examined the effectiveness of existing U.S. Federal and State legislation in providing prosecutors with the tools needed to gain convictions of those charged with human trafficking, defined as "the use of force, fraud, or coercion to exploit a person for profit."

 

 

Relocation Revisited: Sex Trafficking of Native Women in the United States Relocation Revisited: Sex Trafficking of Native Women in the United States

 

This law review article, written by Sarah Deer, links colonization to the current human trafficking problem in Indian Country.

 

 

Trafficking of Native American Women for Prostitution in Minnesota: Some Preliminary Findings Trafficking of Native American Women for Prostitution in Minnesota: Some Preliminary Findings

 

This report offers some preliminary findings Nicole Matthews, Melissa Farley, Guadalupe Lopez, Sarah Deer, Christine Stark on behalf of the Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition (MIWSAC) and Prostitution Research & Education (PRE) concerning the trafficking of Native women in the United States.

 

 

Understanding and Improving Law Enforcement Responses to Human Trafficking, Final Report (February 2008) Understanding and Improving Law Enforcement Responses to Human Trafficking, Final Report (February 2008)

 

This study, which was funded and distributed by the National Institute of Justice, sought the opinions of service providers for deaf sexual assault victims and the views of members of the deaf community, in order to identify service gaps for these victims and how law enforcement agencies can be a more effective resource for them.

 

 

Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and the Criminal Justice Response: What Is Known (2008) Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and the Criminal Justice Response: What Is Known (2008)

 

This report was funded by a National Institute of Justice Grant. Based on a synthesis of the empirical literature and original data analyses, this report presents an overview of the epidemiology of violence against American-Indian and Alaska-Native women as well as a review of the criminal justice responses to this violence.

 

 

National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault, a project by the Southwest Center for Law and Policy © 2017

This project was supported by  Grant No. 2011-TA-AX-K045 awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women. Points of view in this document are those of the author and do not necessary represent the official position of the U.S. Department of Justice. All rights reserved. | Privacy policy