National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault

left barIncarcerated VictimsSexual Violence Against Incarcerated American Indian/Alaska Native Victims

 

 

 

According to some studies, up to 13% of all incarcerated people are victims of sexual violence.

 

American Indian/Alaska Native people comprise approximately 1.3% of America’s incarcerated population. Sexual violence against American Indian/Alaska Native victims can and does occur in correctional facilities, jails, prisons, and detention centers. This violence can include inmate-on-inmate and guard-on-inmate crimes of sexual violence.

 

In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 [PREA].  The PREA applies to all residents of detention facilities (including facilities located in Indian Country) and aims to provide information, resources, recommendations and funding in order to end sexual violence in prisons and detention facilities. Under PREA, funding for Tribal correctional facilities (through a competitive grant application process) to combat sexual violence.

 

The National Former Prisoner Survey (NFPS) provided the first-ever national estimates of the prevalence of sexual victimization based on reports of former state prison inmates.

 

The report, Sexual Victimization Reported by Former State Prisoners, 2008, was released in May 2012.

 

It was based on 18,526 completed interviews with former inmates under active supervision in 333 randomly selected parole offices nationwide.

 

Amongst the Findings:

 

    • conf1An estimated 9.6% of former state prisoners reported one or more incidents of sexual victimization during the most recent period of incarceration in a jail, prison, and post-release community-treatment facility.
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    • conf1Among all former state prisoners, 1.8% reported experiencing one or more incidents while in a local jail, 7.5% while in a state prison, and 0.1% while in a post-release community-treatment facility.
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    • conf1About 5.4% of former state prisoners reported an incident involving another inmate, and 5.3% reported an incident involving facility staff.
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      • conf1Among former state prisoners, the rate of inmate-on-inmate sexual victimization was at least three times higher for females (13.7%) than males (4.2%).

       

      • conf1Among heterosexual males, an estimated 3.5% reported being sexually victimized by another inmate. In comparison, among males who were bisexual, 34% reported being sexually victimized by another inmate.

 

  • conf1Among males who self-reported as homosexual or gay, 39% reported being victimized by another inmate.

 

  • conf1Following their release from prison, 72% of victims of inmate-on-inmate sexual victimization indicated they felt shame or humiliation, and 56% said they felt guilt. Seventy-nine percent of unwilling victims of staff sexual misconduct said they felt shame or humiliation, and 72% said they felt guilt.

Publications:


Statutes - (1)

Additional Resources - (18)

 

Full Publication List

 

 

Featured Publications

 

Preventing and Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities

 

Preventing and Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities

 

This report, funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, seeks to provide guidance to administrators of tribal detention facilities on the key policy issues for the prevention, reduction, detection, and punishment of sexual abuse against inmates in Indian Country, including in jails, juvenile detention facilities, and police lock-ups.

 

 

Sexual Victimization in Local Jails Reported by Inmates, 2007

 

Sexual Victimization in Local Jails Reported by Inmates, 2007

 

This report, authored and compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics in accordance with the statutory requirements of the Prison Rape Elimination Act, compiles information regarding sexual victimization of incarcerated persons in local jails and detention facilities in 2007.

 

 

Sexual Victimization in State and Federal Prisons Reported by Inmates, 2007

 

Sexual Victimization in State and Federal Prisons Reported by Inmates, 2007

 

This report, authored and compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics in accordance with the statutory requirements of the Prison Rape Elimination Act, compiles information regarding sexual victimization of incarcerated persons in State and Federal prisons, jails, and detention facilities in 2007.

 

 

Sexual Violence Reported By Correctional Authorities, 2005

 

Sexual Violence Reported By Correctional Authorities, 2005

 

This report, authored and compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, reports upon data from the Survey on Sexual Violence, 2005, an administrative records collection of incidents of inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported to correctional authorities. The report provides counts of sexual violence, by type, for adult prisons, jails, and other adult correctional facilities.

 

 

National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault, a project by the Southwest Center for Law and Policy © 2017

This project was supported by  Grant No. 2011-TA-AX-K045 awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women. Points of view in this document are those of the author and do not necessary represent the official position of the U.S. Department of Justice. All rights reserved. | Privacy policy   Login